Bullying remains one of the major problems in schools, with the number of students reportedly bullied gradually increasing since the 20th century. Cyber bullying has also become more widespread as a result of the various degrees of meanness has unleashed by the internet. Bullying in schools occurs in areas that are less supervised by adults, such as on the bus, in restrooms, hallways, in the cafeteria, and locker rooms. Recent studies show that bullying is one of the highly ranking factors that motivate suicide. The question now is how this treacherous act can be curbed in schools.
SCHOOL-LEVEL AND ADMINISTRATIVE INTERVENTIONS: One of the basic step schools should take is to create avenues to increase reporting of bullying cases. Schools should also establish a clear procedure to investigate reports of bullying cases. Trained supervisors and CCTVs should be placed at less supervised spots and schools should reduce the amount of time students spend unsupervised. It is also imperative to post signs prohibiting bullying and listing the consequences. Bullies should also be assigned to a particular location or to particular chores during release times. In addition, teachers should be provided with effective classroom-management training and schools must have legally required policies and measures for sexual, racial and gender discrimination.
TEACHER INTERVENTIONS: Teachers also have a huge role to play in classes to see that bullying is reduced to the minimum. They should create classroom activities and discussions associated with bullying, including the harm that it causes and strategies to reduce their incidence. Teachers should also involve students in establishing classroom rules against bullying and steps they can take if they see it happening. Teachers should teach cooperation by assigning projects that requires collaboration this will result in the students learning how to compromise and assert without demanding. When bullying is observed, teachers should take immediate action deal directly with the bully. Additional care should be taken to support and protect both the victim and the witnesses. It is also imperative not to challenge bullies in public as this might actually enhance their status and lead to further aggression.
STUDENTS ACTIONS: Students may not know what to do when they are the victims of bullying or when they notice a classmate being bullied. Classroom discussions and activities are one of the avenues for students to know the actions to be taken when they witness or experience such victimization. Students should be advised to seek immediate help from an adult and report bullying and victimization incidents to school personnel and to speak up and offer support to the victim of bullying. In addition, student should be trained to offer private support to those being hurt with words of kindness or condolence and express their disapproval of such act by not joining in the laughter, teasing, or spreading of rumors or gossip
PARENTS ACTION: Parents also have a huge role play in the minimization of bullying in schools. They should talk to their child about the incident, listen to them without interrupting and ensure that the story is validated. They should not downplay any complaints about bullying and deal with every incident consistently. Parents should get the details of the incidents (where the bullying took place, who was involved, how frequently, if anyone witnessed it) and contact the school. Parent should also utilize all the avenues to such as school board meetings and PTA to discuss bullying in schools.
In conclusion, addressing and curbing bullying requires the contribution of the school management, school teachers, parents, and students. Taking organized school wide actions and equipping individuals with the strategies to counteract such acts is the way to reduce the instances of bullying and be better prepared to address it when it happens.